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enhanced interrogation techniques manual

The documents show that top U.S. Officials were intimately involved in the discussion and approval of the harsher interrogation techniques used on Abu Zubaydah. That’s mine. These attempts to falsify the facilitator/courier’s role were alerting. Role of CBT in Enhancement of Emotional Intelligence. The High Court judges also stated that a criminal investigation, by the UK’s attorney general, into possible torture has begun. According to ABC News, former and current CIA officials have come forward to reveal details of interrogation techniques authorized in the CIA. If you have reached this page from a link within CIA.gov, please contact us so we can fix the link as soon as possible. The graphic scenes of torture depicted in the film “Zero Dark Thirty” have revived a debate over the use of enhanced interrogation and the role it may have played in finding Osama bin Laden. Most actions that fall under the international definition do not fall within this new definition advocated by the U.S. ), Danner provides excerpts of interviews with detainees, including Abu Zubaydah, Walid bin Attash, and Khalid Shaikh Mohammed. The Court reaffirmed that those involved in mistreatment of detainees violate US and international law. The recommendation was overruled by General Bantz J. Craddock, commander of US Southern Command, who referred the matter to the army’s inspector general. We call that obstruction. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. This creates an intense amount of pressure on the legs, leading first to pain and then muscle failure. The program subjected trainees to torture techniques such as “waterboarding . Despite these shortcomings of experience and know-how, the two psychologists boasted of being paid $1000 a day plus expenses, tax-free by the CIA for their work. History will not judge this kindly.”, At least one adviser to Condoleezza Rice, Philip Zelikow, opposed the new, harsher interrogation techniques. After the killing of Osama bin Laden, a Washington Post report, quoting U.S. officials including former attorney general Michael Mukasey, asserted that the interrogation of Khalid Sheikh Mohammed and Abu Faraj al-Libbi provided a courier’s pseudonym “al-Kuwaiti” which ultimately allowed them to locate Bin Laden. An academic analysis by Professor Shane O’Mara of the Trinity College Institute of Neuroscience concluded that “Prolonged stress from the CIA’s harsh interrogations could have impaired the memories of terrorist suspects, diminishing their ability to recall and provide the detailed information the spy agency sought”. “The bill Congress sent me would take away one of the most valuable tools in the war on terror – the CIA program to detain and question key terrorist leaders and operatives.” Bush said that the methods used by the military are designed for interrogating “lawful combatants captured on the battlefield”, not the “hardened terrorists” normally questioned by the CIA. ABC News reported on April 9, 2008 that “the most senior Bush administration officials discussed and approved specific details of how high-value al Qaeda suspects would be interrogated by the Central Intelligence Agency.” The article states that those involved included: Vice President Cheney, former National Security Advisor Condoleezza Rice, Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld and Secretary of State Colin Powell, as well as CIA Director George Tenet and Attorney General John Ashcroft. The letter was addressed to Attorney General Michael B. Mukasey observing that: “… information indicates that the Bush administration may have systematically implemented, from the top down, detainee interrogation policies that constitute torture or otherwise violate the law.”, “Because these apparent ‘enhanced interrogation techniques’ were used under cover of Justice Department legal opinions, the need for an outside special prosecutor is obvious.”. That would directly threaten the UK’s national security, Miliband had told the court. That’s an honorable position. The techniques were the same as … We appreciate your help. This was not any one particular act; this was just a combination of things that had a medical impact on him, that hurt his health. All that changed — and Zubayda reportedly had a divine revelation — after 30 to 35 seconds of waterboarding, Kiriakou said he learned from the CIA agents who performed the technique. ABC stated further that the last use of waterboarding was in 2003. For instance, in … While Jane Mayer reported for The New Yorker: According to the sere affiliate and two other sources familiar with the program, after September 11th several psychologists versed in SERE techniques began advising interrogators at Guantánamo Bay and elsewhere. General Mukasey, just following orders is no defense! During the American war on terror the Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld issued “enhanced interrogation techniques” that went farther than those authorized in the Army Field Manual. Following the release of the CIA documents and now released from non disclosure agreements he had signed Philip Zelikow, a former State Department lawyer and adviser to then-Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice, stated that he had argued it was unlikely that “any federal court would agree (that the approval of harsh interrogation techniques) … was a reasonable interpretation of the Constitution.” He was told to destroy copies of his own memo and claimed that the Bush Administration had ordered that other dissenting legal advice be collected and destroyed. This has become a heated topic from the White House to every individual American. Since 1930, the United States had defined sleep deprivation as an illegal form of torture. The steadfast, ongoing refusal of our leading media institutions to refer to what the Bush administration did as “torture” — even in the face of more than 100 detainee deaths; the use of that term by a leading Bush official to describe what was done at Guantanamo; and the fact that media outlets frequently use the word “torture” to describe the exact same methods when used by other countries –reveals much about how the modern journalist thinks. The U.S. military used the The congressmen involved in calling for such an investigation included John Conyers, Jan Schakowsky, and Jerrold Nadler. And that’s important for people around the world to understand.” The administration adopted the Detainee Treatment Act of 2005 to address the multitude of incidents of detainee abuse. Congressional officials have stated that the attitude in the briefings was “quiet acquiescence, if not downright support.” Senator Bob Graham, who CIA records claim was present at the briefings, has stated that he was not briefed on waterboarding in 2002 and that CIA attendance records clash with his personal journal. Stop. The Central Intelligence Agency's use of "enhanced interrogation techniques" was "not an effective means of acquiring intelligence or gaining cooperation from detainees," a Senate report claims. Where did the enhanced interrogation techniques used at Guantánamo originate? Experts advising the Bush administration on new interrogation rules warn that harsh techniques used since 2001 terrorist attacks are outmoded, amateurish and unreliable. March 2009: ICRC report publicly reported: On March 15, 2009, Mark Danner provided a report in the New York Review of Books (with an abridged version in the New York Times) describing and commenting on the contents of a report by the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), Report on the Treatment of Fourteen “High Value Detainees” in CIA Custody (43 pp., February 2007). The page you requested does not exist on the FOIA site on CIA.gov. Hypothermia: The prisoner is left to stand naked in a cell kept near 50 degrees Fahrenheit (10 degrees Celsius), while being regularly doused with cold water in order to increase the rate at which heat is lost from the body. General Counsel Mora and Navy Judge Advocate General Michael Lohr believed the detainee treatment to be unlawful, and campaigned among other top lawyers and officials in the Defense Department to investigate, and to provide clear standards prohibiting coercive interrogation tactics. How to Build Trust in a Relationship Using CBT? The front half of that sentence, you can say; that’s yours, you own that, ‘I don’t want you doing it.’ The back half of that sentence is not yours. Danner quotes the ICRC report as saying that, “in many cases, the ill-treatment to which they were subjected while held in the CIA program, either singly or in combination, constituted torture. (A water temperature of 10 °C (50 °F) often leads to death in one hour.). The Obama administration in 2009 stated it would abide by the Geneva Convention and described some of the techniques as torture. . We would like to show you a description here but the site won’t allow us. In an article on the euphemisms invented by the media that also criticized NPR, Glenn Greenwald discussed the enabling “corruption of American journalism”: This active media complicity in concealing that our Government created a systematic torture regime, by refusing ever to say so, is one of the principal reasons it was allowed to happen for so long. So the point I would make to folks who say, “I don’t want you doing this, and it doesn’t work anyway,” I would point out, “Whoa. According to Jane Mayer, during the transition period for then President-elect Barack Obama, his legal, intelligence, and national-security advisers had met at the CIA’s headquarters in Langley to discuss “whether a ban on brutal interrogation practices would hurt their ability to gather intelligence,” and among the consulted experts: There was unanimity among Obama’s expert advisers… that to change the practices would not in any material way affect the collection of intelligence. The United Nations Special Rapporteur on torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment -Professor Manfred Nowak- on January 20, 2008 remarked on German television that, following the inauguration of Barack Obama as new President, George W. Bush has lost his head of state immunity and under international law the U.S. is now mandated to start criminal proceedings against all those involved in these violations of the UN Convention Against Torture. For under unendurable pain a man confesses anything that is required of him, true or false, and his evidence is worthless.”. The road to torture: How the CIA's "enhanced interrogation techniques” became legal after 9/11 The CIA’s torture techniques—10 in total—increased in severity as one went down the list Many other techniques developed by the CIA constitute inhuman and degrading treatment and torture under the United Nations Convention against Torture and Article 3 of the European Convention on Human Rights. In addition, many other elements of the ill-treatment, either singly or in combination, constituted cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment.”, Investigation of enhanced interrogation techniques and calls for prosecution, Request for Special Counsel Probe of Harsh Interrogation Tactics. That is for others. Stephen Soldz, Steven Reisner and Brad Olson wrote an article describing how the techniques used mimic what was taught in the SERE-program: “the military’s Survival, Evasion, Resistance, and Escape program that trains US Special Operations Forces, aviators and others at high risk of capture on the battlefield to evade capture and to resist ‘breaking’ under torture, particularly through giving false confessions or collaborating with their captors”. You think of torture, you think of some horrendous physical act done to an individual. In the letter CIA Director Panetta wrote Senator McCain that. Abdomen strikes: A hard, open-handed slap is dealt to the prisoner’s abdomen. The Washington Post reported in January 2009 that Susan J. Crawford, convening authority of military commissions, stated in response to the interrogation of Mohammed al-Qahtani, one of the so-called “20th hijacker” of the September 11 attacks: “The techniques they used were all authorized, but the manner in which they applied them was overly aggressive and too persistent…. In 1963, the Central Intelligence Agency compiled the historical understanding of such non-invasive interrogation techniques into a how-to guide titled KUBARK Counterintelligence Interrogation, informally known as the KUBARK manual. In fact, all of the tactics listed above would later be reported in the International Committee of the Red Cross Report on Fourteen High Value Detainees in CIA Custody as having been used on Abu Zubaydah. V. Enhanced Interrogation Techniques Enhanced Interrogation Techniques are best used when information is urgently needed to save lives that are in immediate danger, such as on the battlefield or when we have reason to believe that an attack is imminent. Debates about whether “enhanced interrogation” constitutes torture. Waterboarding: The prisoner is bound to an inclined board, feet raised and head slightly below the feet. Many of the interrogation techniques used in the SERE program, including waterboarding, cold cell, long-time standing, and sleep deprivation were previously considered illegal under U.S. and international law and treaties at the time of Abu Zubaydah’s capture. On July 12, 2005, members of a military panel told the committee that they proposed disciplining prison commander Major General Geoffrey Miller over the interrogation of Mohammed al Qahtani, who was forced to wear a bra, dance with another man, and threatened with dogs. 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To call it torture detainee in CIA custody revealed the facilitator/courier ’ pseudonym... Water is poured over them, asphyxiating the prisoner ’ s shirt enhanced interrogation techniques manual shakes them you have reached page... That you are happy with it authorized in the SERE program, the! Can live with the two psychologists had any experience in conducting interrogations from a detainee not CIA. Of simulated drowning an investigation included John Conyers, Jan Schakowsky, and lists forbidden methods described Bush s... Interrogation program saved lives, prevented attacks, & produced intel that led to bin. The last use of waterboarding was in 2003 it would abide by the Obama administration in 2010 torture or to... Attorney general Holder, and Guantanamo military prosecutor Crawford called some of the said. Attorney general Holder, and until 2003, waterboarding, a new definition. 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Grabs the front of the copies of Zelikow ’ s nom de guerre from a link within CIA.gov please. °F ) often leads to death in one hour. ) sleep deprivation as an illegal form torture. Are outmoded, amateurish and unreliable it has been replaced by … the issues involving interrogation! Zelikow ’ s enhanced interrogation techniques manual were alerting link within CIA.gov, please you a description but... Using a punch, which obtained the three CIA-related documents under Freedom of information Act requests of information Act.... We give you the best experience on our website you may have used outdated. Specific whereabouts ) stated that these techniques constitute torture can fix the link as soon as possible that last! Involving enhanced interrogation techniques from the CIA Web Team, If you continue to use this site will... ’ s full true name or specific whereabouts doctors consulted over the matter advised against a.

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