Related but distinct from that are the historical reasons why Christianity was able to be successful. Christianity was born in the Roman Empire. - How to become a pure spirit Roman Empire was okay with people who believed in one god as long as they don't seemed threatening to the Roman Empire. What we believe in is the resurrection of the dead.  Wikipedia, “Constantine the Great”, n.d., http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constantine_the_Great, (accessed July 25, 2014). One such new religion was Christianity. They also realized that with reincarnation, there must be a spirit world for those not in a physical body, to exists while awaiting their next life.  XAVIER, Francisco C. Hail Christ!, EDICEI, p. 73 Therefore, a careful reading of Roman history shows their attitude toward Christianity and the Druids to be atypical; “As the Romans extended their dominance throughout the Mediterranean world, their policy in general was to absorb the deities and cults of other peoples rather than try to eradicate them, since they believed that preserving tradition promoted social stability. This is why for three hundred years, the entire might of the Roman government sporadically made repeated attempts to crush the early Christians. And what forgiveness do you exemplify, when your heroism is nothing but shame and humiliation?” . Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. ( Log Out / What you will discover will change your outlook on life – Heaven and Below – Book 1 of Spiritism – The Spirit World Revealed to an Anglican Vicar. Change ). The E… It was supported by the early Roman emperors. Many of his actions seemed resolutely pagan. Power and Persuasion in Late Antiquity: Towards a Christian Empire by Peter Brown (University of Wisconsin Press, 1992), Authority and the Sacred: Aspects of the Christianization of the Roman World by Peter Brown (Cambridge, 1995), The Early Church Henry Chadwick (London, 1967), Martyrdom and Persecution in the Early Church: a Study of a Conflict from the Maccabees to Donatus by William Frend (Oxford, 1965), Pagans and Christians in the Mediterranean World from the Second Century AD to the Conversion of Constantine by Robin Lane Fox (London, 1986), The End of Ancient Christianity by Robert Markus (Cambridge, 1990). Contemporary Christians treated Constantine’s conversion as a decisive moment of victory in a cosmic battle between good and evil, even as the end of history, but it was far from that. He certainly took advantage of the resulting devastation of the city, building a lavish private palace on part of the site of the fire. Starting wars over religions was not in their best interest. Christian writers played up the idea that this was to be a 'new Rome', a fitting Christian capital for a newly Christian empire. Since its foundation, Ancient Rome was a deeply religious society and religious and political office often went hand in hand. - Guardian Spirits, who are they. He ruled so badly that Augustus deposed him in A.D. 4 (see Matt. Discuss what Jesus told those he preached to and why the Roman leaders/government felt he should be condemned to death. It was hardly surprising that a series of emperors ordered savage empire-wide persecutions of the Christians. 2010-08-27 Why Christianity spread so rapidly to become the main religion of the Roman empire. This seemed normal to us, after all the Christians were good and the Romans bad.  XAVIER, Francisco C. Hail Christ!, EDICEI, p. 168 Constantine’s ‘conversion’ poses problems for the historian. Only in 313 AD, with the Edict of Milan issued by Emperors Constantine the Great and Licinius, was Christianity legalized.  XAVIER, Francisco C. Hail Christ!, EDICEI, p. 63 They had just emerged from the so-called ‘Great Persecution’ under the emperor Diocletian at the end of the third century. Since the beginning of the Roman Empire, religion has always been a big influence in this state. NorthWest Spiritism – Explore Your Destiny. Jews claimed an ancient tradition with law codes for daily life (the Laws of Moses) and revelations from their god through Prophets. Last updated 2011-02-17. The last emperor of the Western Roman Empire was Romulus Augustus. ( Log Out / This gave the emperors a scape goat. Question: "What is the significance of the Roman Empire in biblical history?" The early relationship between Christianity and the Roman Empire was turbulent, to say the least. The fear of a slave rebellion was a constant factor in Rome, after the year’s long marches up and down the Italian peninsula by Spartacus, the threat of having your throat slit by those who live in your house involuntarily became all too real. The progress of Christianity was bitty, hesitant, geographically patchy. Thus the classic test of a Christian’s faith was to force him or her, on pain of death, to swear by the emperor and offer incense to his images, or to sacrifice to the gods. There were many social, geographical, historical and religious issues prevailing at the time of Christ and all of which were favorable to the spread of Christianity. But as the Christian religion began to gain popularity and influence both in society and government, the Roman Empire allowed the religion to be practiced freely. Land of Maps And who? NWSpiritism’s YouTube Channel There were many social, geographical, historical and religious issues prevailing at the time of Christ and all of which were favorable to the spread of Christianity. It gave hope to people who lived in hardship. Listen to us on Spotify The truth is more complicated. Christianity spread quickly through the provinces of the Roman Empire, shown here at its height in the early 2nd Century. NWSpiritism’s BitChute Channel Nobody weeps unnecessarily. Hail Christ! Feeding Christians to the lions was seen as entertainment in Ancient Rome. The moment of Constantine’s conversion was tied by two Christian narrators to a military campaign against a political rival, Maxentius. Indeed, when pagans blamed Christian impiety (meaning negligence of the old gods) for the barbarian sack of Rome in 410 AD, one of the foremost Christian intellectuals of the time, Augustine, Bishop of Hippo, regarded the charge as serious enough to warrant lengthy reply in his mammoth book 'The City of God'. Bacchic revels encouraged ecstatic drunkenness and violence, and the cult of Magna Mater involved outlandish dancing and music, and was served by self-castrating priests. As the Roman Empire got bigger and new lands and people were taken into it, the conquered people added their Gods or religion to the Roman Pantheon (the name for the multitude of Roman gods). Free Spiritism books The Romans saw Christianity as a threat, because their beliefs were so different than most religions. Before the Edict of Milan, Christianity was forbidden by the Roman law. Download Spiritisme 101 – La Troisieme Revelation (in French) in PDF for free Early persecutions were sporadic, caused by local conditions and dependent on the attitude of the governor. The monotheistic rigor of Judaism posed difficulties for Roman policy that led at times to compromise and the granting of special exemptions, but sometimes to intractable conflict.” . Constantine's decision to cease the persecution of Christians in the Roman Empire was a turning point for early Christianity, sometimes referred to as the Triumph of the Church, the Peace of the Church or the Constantinian shift.In 313, Constantine and Licinius issued the Edict of Milan decriminalizing Christian worship. The last emperor of the Western Roman Empire was Romulus Augustus. Remember that the Roman Emporers power came from saying they were gods themselves or chosen by the gods, therefore making them better than everybody else and giving them claim to the throne. The cults of Bacchus and of Magna Mater had also been suppressed - by the Roman senate during the Republic, mainly because their behaviour was louche and ‘un-Roman’. Herod-the king of Judea ( Log Out / Read more. The opposition of the Jews to them led to breaches of the peace. Brian Foster has a BSCS degree and a MBA. The fundamental cause of persecution was the Christians’ conscientious rejection of the gods whose favour was believed to have brought success to the empire. You may use these HTML tags and attributes: This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. His understanding of Christianity was, at the stage of his conversion, unsophisticated. Although in the first few centuries AD Christians were prosecuted and punished, often with death, there were also periods when they were more secure. The whole persecution myth is largely Christian propaganda.  Druidry.org, “Druid Beliefs”, n.d., http://www.druidry.org/druid-way/druid-beliefs, (accessed July 25, 2014) Therefore, the Church began its phase of slowly corrupting the doctrine of serving and started to take on the mantle of expecting to be served by the people, with a cohort of officials with ready hands to deal with the cash. This page is best viewed in an up-to-date web browser with style sheets (CSS) enabled. Christians did not set out to threaten the Roman government, but the Roman leaders were worried that Christianity threatened the security of the state. (2014, July 25). In the space of a few hundred years, a small, often brutally persecuted cult rose to become the dominant religion of the West. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. By Dr Sophie Lunn-Rockliffe One of the most widely accepted causes - the influx of a barbaric horde - is discounted by some who feel that mighty Rome, the eternal city, could not have so easily fallen victim to a culture that possessed little or nothing in the way of a political, social or economic foundation. Bacchic revelry scene from the Villa dei Misteri, Pompeii, Italy NWSpiritism’s Spotify Channel I see five reasons that helped Christianity to ultimately take over the Roman Empire. Brasilia (DF), Brazil: International Spiritist Council. It’s interesting that though the fire occurred in 64 AD the persecution supposedly started in 67 AD, the very year the First Jewish Revolt started in Judea with massive death of non-Jews and burning of homes and temples of pagans and even Jews who favored peace. However, the Jews refused to worship the Roman Gods (the Romans believed in many gods, where the Jews were strictly monotheistic).Although the Romans obviously had problems with the Jews, they let the Jews legally worship their God to repay the Jews for helping Julius Caesar win a recent battle. Filed under: Biblical Studies, New Testament, Religion and Atheism Tags: Christian Origins In the New Testament, numerous reports by authors such as Luke and Paul document early Christian persecution. The persecution of Christians by Nero is classic misinformation. The conversion was the result of either a vision or a dream in which Christ directed him to fight under Christian standards, and his victory apparently assured Constantine in his faith in a new god. Hence, over time, the Church became an extension of the Empire and not a potential adversary. The Christian Church, in its earliest centuries after Jesus, endured wave after wave of persecution. ©. Although saints Peter and Paul are said to have established the church in Rome, most of the early Christian communities were in the east: Alexandria in … What service can you offer society by preaching rebellion to slaves with misleading promises of a heavenly kingdom? Christian Persecution. Under particular emperors, Christians were less liable to be punished for the mere fact of being Christians – or indeed, for ever having been Christian. Xavier, F. C. (2012). Why should they deliberately rouse the people, when their full aim was to keep them docile and able to pay their taxes? A colossal fire broke out at Rome, and destroyed much of the city. In Lyon, many of our brothers and sisters communicate with the dead, who are simply those living in eternity. Christian beliefs made heavy inroads into Teutonic barbarians. One of the supposed watersheds in history is the ‘conversion’ of the emperor Constantine to Christianity in, or about, 312 AD. Some were torn apart by dogs, others burnt alive as human torches. Click to read more facts. He refused, and although he was apparently eager to meet his death, beast-fighting had been declared closed for the day and so he was burnt alive instead. Justice is perfect. First, there were the characteristics of the empire itself. In the mid-second-century account of the martyrdom of Polycarp, officials begged Polycarp to say ‘Caesar is Lord’, and to offer incense, to save his life. But there was no ‘triumph’, no one moment where Christians had visibly ‘won’ some battle against pagans. Only in 313 AD, with the Edict of Milan issued by Emperors Constantine the Great and Licinius, was Christianity legalized.. Why did Christianity threaten the Roman Empire and how did Christianity later emerge, and spread, to become the official religion of the Roman Empire? The Roman emporers did not see Christianity as a threat to their religion but to their power. (2014, July 25). • Early Christians: Jesus brought a message of hope to the masses of poor people in the Roman Empire. This was completely unacceptable to the Romans. In one step of his sublime teachings, he warns, ‘It is better to enter life maimed than, have two hands, to go into the lower regions.’ [Mk 9:43] Christ is referring to the world as a school where we seek our own improvement. - How is our life planned The Christian religion spread so rapidly that soon it became the legal or official religion of the Roman Empire. These included charges of incest and cannibalism, probably resulting from garbled accounts of the rites which Christians celebrated in necessary secrecy, being the agape (the ‘love-feast’) and the Eucharist (partaking of the body and blood of Christ). As Christianity continued to spread, early Christians continued to inspire fellow Christians as well. The Christians attempted to convert as many people as … The conversion was the result of either a vision or a dream in which Christ directed him to fight under Christian standards. My interest in this subject was ignited by the book, Hail Christ!, psychographed by Francisco C. Xavier, and dictated by the spirit Emmanuel. Syncretism was the rule of the early Roman empire s day. The Romans weathered a Germanic uprising in the late fourth century, but in 410 the Visigoth King Alaric successfully sacked the city of Rome. Factors Which Led to the Spread of Christianity in the Roman Empire Christianity was not born in a vacumn. Constantine the Great, declared emperor at York, Britain (306), converted to Christianity, convened the Council of Arles (314), became sole emperor (324), virtually presided over the ecumenical Council of Nicaea (325), founded the city of Constantinople (330), and died in 337. We come to the earth with the problems we need. 311 CE The Edict of Toleration is issued, ending the persecution of Christians in Roman Empire 312 CE Emperor Constantine converts, becoming the first Christian emperor 313 CE Emperor Constantine issued the Edict of Milan, which decriminalized Christianity and provided tolerance for all religions.It also declared that all church property that had been seized be returned. In fact, the Romans attempted to absorb many religions and cults into the Empire and actually allow the building of temples and other edifices in the greatest city in the world at that time, Rome. Sophie Lunn-Rockliffe is a Lecturer in Roman History at King's College, London. Other important links: Decline of paganism within the Empire. In the ancient world of Christianity, the whole world was divided into two opposing empires - that of Rome and that of Persia. Too many Roman elites, along with slaves and freedmen, became members of a religion that not only rejected the basic tenants of Roman society, love of power, importance of ancestors in social standing, glory of combat, but additionally considerably raised the possibility of a massive slave revolt.  The papacy, the Bishop of Rome, claimed temporal power using Constantine’s ascension to Emperor. http://faculty.georgetown.edu/jod/texts/pliny.html […]. The church, for me is nothing but the Spirit of Christ in communion with men and women…” . First, there were the characteristics of the empire itself. Christians can explain the rapid spread of Christianity with theological reasons. Wikipedia. This is why for three hundred years, the entire might of the Roman government sporadically made repeated attempts to crush the early Christians. All kinds of insults and charges were hurled at them.  XAVIER, Francisco C. Hail Christ!, EDICEI, pp. Use a flowchart or timeline of events to … Emperors had historically been hostile or indifferent to Christianity.  The very history of Christianity and Judaism in the empire demonstrates that there were limits to how accommodating Roman religion could be, and these were not the only cults to be singled out for persecution. Although saints Peter and Paul are said to have established the church in Rome, most of the early Christian communities were in the east: Alexandria in … In Roman society, religion and politics were entangled, and Christians were caught in the middle of the fray. The stone bears the pressure of the tool that polishes it so that it can shine supremely. Paganism was never, then, a unified, single religion, but a fluid and amorphous collection. Rome had tangled with Germanic tribes for centuries, but by the 300s “barbarian” groups like the Goths had encroached beyond the Empire’s borders. Hence, during the first budding of Christianity, they too knew that reincarnation was the doctrine of Christ. We thought they must have not wanted to be good. Answer: The Roman Empire was the human political entity that God used to prepare the world for the birth of the Messiah and for the spread of the gospel. Druid Beliefs. Paganism may have been effectively eclipsed as an imperial religion, but it continued to pose a powerful political and religious challenge to the Christian church. Well, the Roman empire was in the first few centuries AD expansionist and in its conquests accommodated new cults and philosophies from different cultures, such as the Persian cult of Mithraism, the Egyptian cult of Isis and Neoplatonism, a Greek philosophical religion. And then that gets even more momentum when we … How did it happen? Explore the spirit realm in depth, read the first book of a series of three about the numerous revelations spirits told the Rev. No, for they tried hard to allow the Jews their religious place and the Druids were not monotheists. Early Christians expected suffering. Later, in the arena, he was asked by the governor to swear an oath by the ‘luck of Caesar’. The story of Christianity’s rise to prominence is a remarkable one, but the traditional story of its progression from a tiny, persecuted religion to the established religion in the medieval West needs some debunking. In 63 A.D., the Roman Empire took over Judea, the land of the Jews. One way that Rome incorporated diverse peoples was by supporting their religious heritage, building temples to local deities that framed their theology within the hierarchy of Roman religion. As the Roman Empire got bigger and new lands and people were taken into it, the conquered people added their Gods or religion to the Roman Pantheon (the name for the multitude of Roman gods). During the third century the turn-over of emperors was rapid - many died violent deaths. While recognizing various powers in the universe, Jews nevertheless differed from their neighbors by only offering worship (sacrifices) to their one god, Yahweh. Rome persecuted those who were disruptive of their version of law and order. In the book, a Roman Patrician exclaims, “I cannot accept a faith that annuals pride and valor!” From the Roman point of view, Christianity was no mere cult attracting the dregs of society. The roman religion supported and participated in this, and gave little comfort to the common man. Secondly, the rise of Christianity to imperial-sponsored dominance in the fourth and fifth centuries, although surprising, was not without precedent, and its spread hardly as inexorable as contemporary Christians portrayed it. The emperor of the Roman, the emperor of the Roman Empire has converted to Christianity, and it's a legalized religion. G. Vale Owen in England in the early 1900’s. Christianity offered spiritual comfort and the prospect of salvation on the one hand, and attractive new career paths and even riches as a worldly bishop on the other. The Christians were unwilling to accept that the roman emperor was god. And no their version was not some Nazi version as shown in the MGM bible movies. And so you can imagine, you have more and more followers of Christianity, but now, this is, so to speak, prime time. In Roman society, religion and politics were entangled, and Christians were caught in the middle of the fray. Yet life was not easy for early Christians. How we are loved and guided every day by invisible forces. Corvinus speaks of the early church’s communication with the spirit realm; “Heed the Master’s teaching and a new light will shine in your soul. Christ had died on the cross, so there was no higher honor than to imitate that death through accepting martyrdom (witness by one’s blood). When we examine Roman culture (religious and otherwise) and the aspects of Christianity at the time (~100-300CE), lots of good reasons for this become clear. Christians were known by their capacity for personal sacrifice for the sake of all, for their goodwill, sincere humility, cooperation and fraternal care, and for their diligence in perfecting themselves. Furthermore, the Christian refusal to offer sacrifices to the emperor, a semi-divine monarch, had the whiff of both sacrilege and treason about it. Understandable. Therefore, early Christianity, similar to the Druid belief that we are here temporarily, and in between physical lives, our souls live in what the Druids calls the “Otherworld”. Only in 313 AD, with the Edict of Milan issued by Emperors Constantine the Great and Licinius, was Christianity legalized. And any other spiritual topic you wish to post or start a discussion. This page has been archived and is no longer updated. 2:22), and Judea was directed thereafter by Roman officers, which explains why Jesus’ sentence was given in Jerusalem by the Roman Pilate, who governed from A.D. 26 to 36. Subscribe to our YouTube Channel:(LiveStreams Sundays and Tuesdays around 5 pm est) Learn how your comment data is processed. German historian Alexander Demandt is an expert in the history of ancient Rome and came up with 210 different theories as to why the empire collapsed! One such new religion was Christianity. Inscriptions throughout the Empire record the side-by-side worship of local and Roman deities, including dedications made by Romans to local gods. Follow NWSpiritism by clicking below: Live Streaming on Sundays and Tuesdays night around 5 pm est, 2 pm pst – We always discuss a different aspect of Spiritism. Please consider upgrading your browser software or enabling style sheets (CSS) if you are able to do so. Afire with faith in the immortality of the souls, they did not fear death. The most straightforward theory for Western Rome’s collapse pins the fall on a string of military losses sustained against outside forces. Humankind suffers and struggles to learn and relearn in order to grow more and more. But the Christians, along with the Druids, were different, for both they engaged in a centuries long struggle of extermination. Pagans were probably most suspicious of the Christian refusal to sacrifice to the Roman gods. Retrieved from Druidy.org: http://www.druidry.org/druid-way/druid-beliefs The days of the kings of Israel and Judah were long gone, with the last monarch of Judah blinded and carted off by Babylonian conquerors in 586 BC. The success of Christianity was by no means inevitable. Name and email address are required. Gigantic head of Constantine in the Capitoline Museum The Roman Empire was the dominant political and military force during the early days of Christianity, with the city of Rome as its foundation.  Wikipedia, “Persecution of Christians in the Roman Empire”, n.d., http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Persecution_of_Christians_in_the_Roman_Empire, (accessed July 25, 2014) At its height in the Roman Empire driven murder and arson by Jewish fanatics quickly through the of... Beliefs were almost in a centuries long struggle of extermination how we are told! Suffer during our time here on earth in order to grow more and more such. That we are loved and guided every day by invisible forces their faith attacked where personal! Is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.. by Neil Godfrey beliefs were almost in a province... The doctrine of Christ and the Druids, were different, for both they in. 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